Canada’s current Citizenship Act defines who is deemed a citizen at birth and prescribes how foreign national may acquire citizenship through the naturalization. A person is citizen of Canada if he or she is born in Canada or he or she is born outside Canada to a parent who is a Canadian Citizen.
Naturalization is a process by which a foreign national, after being admitted to Canada as a permanent resident, applies for and obtains Canadian Citizenship.
To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:
be a permanent resident
have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
have filed your taxes, if you need to
pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada